Author(s): Preeti Chouhan, Jay Kumar Sharma

Email(s): 23preetithakur@gmail.com

DOI: 10.52711/2454-2652.2024.00010   

Address: Preeti Chouhan1, Jay Kumar Sharma2
1Professor JIET College of Nursing, Jodhpur, Rajasthan.
2Assistant Professor, JIET College of Nursing, Jodhpur, Rajasthan.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 12,      Issue - 1,     Year - 2024


ABSTRACT:
The empty nest syndrome (ENS) has been a term used in psychology to denote the psychological symptoms that arise when the youngest child leaves the family for work or further studies causing a void in the family leaving the aged parents behind termed as the empty nest. There have been many theories posited to explain the empty nest and multiple view points exist regarding the phenomenon. This phenomenon was described in the 1940s and 1950s and the present review evaluates the existing literature on the ENS in the light of modern era conceptions of human development. The advent of neurobiology and better understanding of menopause and the hormonal changes that ensue have resulted in us having a greater insight into this phenomenon. There are many changes that a couple undergoes in mid life and these all contribute to the ENS in some way or another. Marital and family factors as well as the parent child relationship play a vital role in adjustment to the empty nest situation. This review also tries to explain the validity of a concept like ENS in the modern digital era and in the light of modern relationships and their effect on the mind of the people involved.


Cite this article:
Preeti Chouhan, Jay Kumar Sharma. Empty Nest Syndrome: You Might Be Next!!. International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management. 2024; 12(1):41-4. doi: 10.52711/2454-2652.2024.00010

Cite(Electronic):
Preeti Chouhan, Jay Kumar Sharma. Empty Nest Syndrome: You Might Be Next!!. International Journal of Advances in Nursing Management. 2024; 12(1):41-4. doi: 10.52711/2454-2652.2024.00010   Available on: https://www.ijanm.com/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2024-12-1-10


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41.    Liu LJ, Guo Q. Loneliness and health-related quality of life for the empty nest elderly in the rural area of a mountainous county in China. Qual Life Res 2007;16(8):1275-80.
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43.    Barnett RC, Hyde JS. Women, men, work, and family. AmerPsychol 2001;56(10):781-96.
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49.    Oliver R. The empty nest syndrome as a focus of depression: A cognitive treatment model, based on rational emotive therapy. Psychother Theory Res Pract 1977;14(1):87-110.
50.    Moscucci O. Medicine, age and gender: the menopause in history. Br Menopause Soc J 1999;5(4):149-53.
51.    Defey D, Storch E, Cardozo S, Díaz O, Fernández G. The menopause: women's psychology and health care. SocSci Med 1996;42(10):1447-56.
52.    McKinlay SM, Jefferys M. The menopausal syndrome. Br J PrevSocMed 1974;28(2):108-15.
53.    Burger HG, Dudley EC, Robertson DM, Dennerstein L. Hormonal changes in the menopause transition. Recent Prog Hormone Res 2001;57:257-75.
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58.    Parse RR. Quality of life: Sciencing and living the art of human becoming. NursSci Quart 1994;7(1):16-21.
59.    Adelmann PK, Antonucci TC, Crohan SE, Coleman LM. Empty nest, cohort, and employment in the well-being of midlife women. Sex Roles 1989;20(3-4):173-89.
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61.    Rubin LB. Women of a certain age: The midlife search for self. HarperCollins Publishers; 1979.
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63.    Liu LJ, Guo Q. Loneliness and health-related quality of life for the empty nest elderly in the rural area of a mountainous county in China. Qual Life Res 2007;16(8):1275-80.
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65.    Barnett RC, Hyde JS. Women, men, work, and family. AmerPsychol 2001;56(10):781-96.
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67.    Black SM, Hill CE. The Psychological Well‐Being of Women in Their Middle Years. Psychol Women Quart 1984;8(3):282-92.
68.    Cooper KL, Gutmann DL. Gender identity and ego mastery style in middle-aged, pre-and post-empty nest women. The Gerontol 1987;27(3):347-5
69.    Mitchell BA, Lovegreen LD. The Empty Nest Syndrome in Midlife Families A Multimethod Exploration of Parental Gender Differences and Cultural Dynamics. J Fam Issues 2009;30(12):1651-70.
70.    Curlee J. Alcoholism and the Empty Nest. Bull MenningerClin 1969;33(3):165-8.
71.    Oliver R. The empty nest syndrome as a focus of depression: A cognitive treatment model, based on rational emotive therapy. Psychother Theory Res Pract 1977;14(1):87-110.
72.    Moscucci O. Medicine, age and gender: the menopause in history. Br Menopause Soc J 1999;5(4):149-53.
73.    Defey D, Storch E, Cardozo S, Díaz O, Fernández G. The menopause: women's psychology and health care. SocSci Med 1996;42(10):1447-56.
74.    McKinlay SM, Jefferys M. The menopausal syndrome. Br J PrevSocMed 1974;28(2):108-15.
75.    Burger HG, Dudley EC, Robertson DM, Dennerstein L. Hormonal changes in the menopause transition. Recent Prog Hormone Res 2001;57:257-75.
76.    Rubinow DR, Schmidt PJ, Roca CA. Estrogen–serotonin interactions: implications for affective regulation. Biol Psychiatry 1998;44(9):839-50.
77.    Freeman EW, Sammel MD, Lin H, Gracia CR, Kapoor S, Ferdousi T. The role of anxiety and hormonal changes in menopausal hot flashes. Menopause 2005;12(3):258-66.
78.    Parse RR. Human becoming: Parse's theory of nursing. NursSci Quart 1992;5(1):35-42.
79.    Parse RR. The human becoming theory: Challenges in practice and research. NursSciQuart 1996;9(2):55-60.
80.    Parse RR. Quality of life: Sciencing and living the art of human becoming. NursSci Quart 1994;7(1):16-21.
81.    Adelmann PK, Antonucci TC, Crohan SE, Coleman LM. Empty nest, cohort, and employment in the well-being of midlife women. Sex Roles 1989;20(3-4):173-89.
82.    Radloff LS. Depression and the empty nest. Sex Roles 1980;6(6):775-81.
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84.    Harkins EB. Effects of empty nest transition on self-report of psychological and physical well-being. J Marr Family 1978;1:549-56.
85.    Liu LJ, Guo Q. Loneliness and health-related quality of life for the empty nest elderly in the rural area of a mountainous county in China. Qual Life Res 2007;16(8):1275-80.
86.    Borland DC. A cohort analysis approach to the empty-nest syndrome among three ethnic groups of women:
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88.    Barnett RC, Hyde JS. Women, men, work, and family. AmerPsychol 2001;56(10):781-96.
89.    Lowenthal MF, Chiriboga D. Transition to the empty nest: Crisis, challenge, or relief?. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1972;26(1):8-14.
90.    Black SM, Hill CE. The Psychological Well‐Being of Women in Their Middle Years. Psychol Women Quart 1984;8(3):282-92.
91.    Cooper KL, Gutmann DL. Gender identity and ego mastery style in middle-aged, pre-and post-empty nest women. The Gerontol 1987;27(3):347-5

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